Subscribe to IELTS-Blog and save 30 minutes a day by getting recent exam questions, practice tests and preparation tips delivered to your email, free.
Conclusion Introduction There are no precise, reliable statistics on the amount of computer crime and the economic loss to victims, partly because many of these crimes are apparently not detected by victims, many of these crimes are never reported to authorities, and partly because the losses are often difficult to calculate.
Nevertheless, there is a consensus among both law enforcement personnel and computer scientists who specialize in security that both the number of computer crime incidents and the sophistication of computer criminals is increasing rapidly.
Experts in computer security, who are not attorneys, speak of "information warfare". While such "information warfare" is just another name for computer crime, the word "warfare" does fairly denote the amount of damage inflicted on society.
Two comments on word usage in this essay: I normally write in a gender neutral way, but here I use the masculine pronoun for computer criminals, because 1 female computer criminals are rare and 2 I can't imagine a feminist attacking me because I deny equal recognition to women criminals.
However, to most users of English, the word "hacker" refers to computer criminals, and that is the usage that I have adopted in this essay. The legal problem of obscenity on the Internet is mostly the same as the legal problem of obscenity in books and magazines, except for some technical issues of personal jurisdiction on the Internet.
Similarly, many crimes involving computers are no different from crimes without computers: Stealing a laptop computer with proprietary information stored on the hard disk inside the computer is the same crime as stealing a briefcase that contains papers with proprietary information.
Using the Internet or online services to solicit sex is similar to other forms of solicitation of sex, and so is not a new crime.
Using computers can be another way to commit either larceny or fraud. In contrast to merely using computer equipment as a tool to commit old crimes, this essay is concerned with computer crimes that are new ways to harm people. E-mails with bogus From: Posting messages in an Internet newsgroup or online bulletin board with a false author's name that is intended to harm the reputation of the real person of that name.
These acts might be punishable by existing criminal statutes that prohibit impersonation, forgery, deceit, or fraud.
However, a judge might decide that the specific language in old statutes about writing or signature does not apply to e-mail. Rather than write new statutes for forged e-mail addresses or unauthorized sending of e-mail in someone else's name, I would prefer that legislatures broaden the existing criminal statutes for analogous crimes with paper and ink.
Similar issues arise in both: Unauthorized Use Unauthorized use of computers tends generally takes the following forms: The criminal reads or copies confidential or proprietary information, but data is neither deleted nor changed. Inthe Melissa virus infected a [possibly confidential] document on a victim's computer, then automatically sent that document and copy of the virus via e-mail to other people.
Subsequently, the SirCam and Klez malicious programs made a similar release of [possibly confidential] documents from a victim's computer. These malicious programs are a new way to release confidential information from a victim's computer, with the confidential information going not to the author of the malicious program, but to some person unknown to the author of the malicious program.
For example, change a grade on a school transcript, add "money" to a checking account, etc.
Unauthorized changing of data is generally a fraudulent act. Deleting entire files could be an act of vandalism or sabotage.Are you new to IELTS essays? These sample IELTS essays come with lessons essay vocabulary exercises to help you write them.
If you are new to IELTS I suggest you check my main IELTS task 2 writing page and this lesson on essay structure first. Locations, Maps & Directions. State College of Florida has three strategically placed locations in Manatee and Sarasota counties as well as online learning opportunities.
Stricter Traffic Laws Essay Sample. 1. Only stricter traffic laws can prevent accidents It is certainly true that stricter punishment for driving offences is highly efficient in the battle against traffic accidents. Essay, Paragraph or Speech on “An Accident” Complete Paragraph or Speech for Class 10, Class 12 and Graduation and other classes.
The other car didn't see me, mom, it hit me like a load. As I lay there on the pavement, Mom, I hear the policeman say, the other guy is drunk, mom, and I will be the one to urbanagricultureinitiative.com death of an Innocent' is a poem written in with an unknown author. Apr 26, · CAUSES OF TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS Today, especially in our country, traffic accidents are big problems that cause trouble.
They cause financial problems and even also they can cause deaths of the people. Of course, there are many causes that result with the accidents.
7 Responses to CAUSE AND EFFECT ESSAY. .