One source claimed that the men banded together for the sole purpose of scaring newly freed African Americans. Another source said that the men came together to fight off the Northern carpetbaggers and the bands of thieves that roamed the countryside. While their intentions may have been about self-preservation in the beginning, their outward hatred toward anyone in the US who was not like them corrupted them into what they have become today—a hate group bent on destroying the freedoms and liberties of the American people. Bymembership grew into the tens of thousands across the southern US.
See Article History Alternative Title: One group was founded immediately after the Civil War and lasted until the s; the other began in and has continued to the present. The organization quickly became a vehicle for Southern white underground resistance to Radical Reconstruction.
Klan members sought the restoration of white supremacy through intimidation and violence aimed at the newly enfranchised black freedmen.
A similar organization, the Knights of the White Camelia, began in Louisiana in Library of Congress, Washington, D. The group was presided over by a grand wizard Confederate cavalry general Nathan Bedford Forrest is believed to have been the first grand wizard and a descending hierarchy of grand dragons, grand titans, and grand cyclopses.
Dressed in robes and sheets designed to frighten superstitious blacks and to prevent identification by the occupying federal troops, Klansmen whipped and killed freedmen and their white supporters in nighttime raids.
The 19th-century Klan reached its peak between and A potent force, it was largely responsible for the restoration of white rule in North CarolinaTennessee, and Georgia. Local branches remained active for a time, however, prompting Congress to pass the Force Act in and the Ku Klux Act in These bills authorized the president to suspend the writ of habeas corpussuppress disturbances by force, and impose heavy penalties upon terrorist organizations.
Grant was lax in utilizing this authority, although he did send federal troops to some areas, suspend habeas corpus in nine South Carolina counties, and appoint commissioners who arrested hundreds of Southerners for conspiracy.
In United States v. Harris inthe Supreme Court declared the Ku Klux Act unconstitutional, but by that time the Klan had practically disappeared.
It disappeared because its original objective—the restoration of white supremacy throughout the South—had been largely achieved during the s. The need for a secret antiblack organization diminished accordingly.
The 20th-century Klan had its roots more directly in the American nativist tradition. It was organized in near AtlantaGeorgia, by Col. The new organization remained small until Edward Y.
Clarke and Elizabeth Tyler brought to it their talents as publicity agents and fund raisers. The revived Klan was fueled partly by patriotism and partly by a romantic nostalgia for the old South, but, more importantly, it expressed the defensive reaction of white Protestants in small-town America who felt threatened by the Bolshevik revolution in Russia and by the large-scale immigration of the previous decades that had changed the ethnic character of American society.The Ku Klux Klan (KKK) was born and reborn a number of times.
The first time it made its appearance was immediately after the Civil War when it became a political terrorist organization which sought to drive out from American public life the enfranchised blacks in the South.
of 80 results for 19th Century: "Ku Klux Klan" Ku-Klux: The Birth of the Klan during Reconstruction Jan 4, by Elaine Frantz Parsons. Hardcover. Carpetbaggers, Cavalry, and the Ku Klux Klan: Exposing the Invisible Empire During Reconstruction (The American Crisis Series: Books on the Civil War Era).
During the last half of the 19th century, memories of the Ku Klux Klan’s brief grip on the South faded, and its bloody deeds were forgotten by many whites who were once in sympathy with its cause.
On the national scene, two events served to set the stage for the Ku Klux Klan to be reborn early in the 20th century. Politically Correct History is when shows set in the past change that past to fit the cultural norms of the time in which the show is filmed, or the prejudices of those currently in power.
Arkansas faced a number of opportunities and challenges in the first four decades of the twentieth century. Not only did the state introduce some significant initiatives in response to the multi-faceted reform movement known as progressivism, it also endured race riots, natural disasters, and severe economic problems.
However, the beginning of the Ku Klux Klan was innocent enough. In December , eight months after the South’s surrender, a group of six young men living in the village of Pulaski near Nashville, Tennessee decided to relieve their boredom by organizing a .