An official cablegram from the Secretary-General of the League of Arab States to the UN Secretary-General on 15 May stated publicly that Arab Governments found "themselves compelled to intervene for the sole purpose of restoring peace and security and establishing law and order in Palestine" Clause 10 e. Further in Clause 10 e: The remainder of the Mandate consisted of Jordan, the area that came to be called the West Bank controlled by Jordanand the Gaza Strip controlled by Egypt.
The Zionist militias gained the upper hand over the Palestinians through skill and pluck, aided considerably by intra-Arab rivalries. The next day, Arab forces from EgyptTransjordan JordanIraqSyriaand Lebanon occupied the areas in southern and eastern Palestine not apportioned to the Jews by the UN partition of Palestine and then captured east Jerusalemincluding the small Jewish quarter of the Old City.
By early the Israelis had managed to occupy all of the Negev up to the former Egypt-Palestine frontier, except for the Gaza Strip. UN partition plan for Palestine adopted in JerusalemNewsreel footage of unrest between Arabs and Jews in Jerusalem following passage of the United Nations resolution on the partition of Palestine, Stock footage courtesy The WPA Film Library Between February and Julyas a result of separate armistice agreements between Israel and each of the Arab states, a temporary frontier was fixed between Israel and its neighbours.
In Israel, the war is remembered as its War of Independence. Nasser took a hostile stance toward Israel. In Nasser nationalized the Suez Canala vital waterway connecting Europe and Asia that was largely owned by French and British concerns. France and Britain responded by striking a deal with Israel—whose ships were barred from using the canal and whose southern port of Elat had been blockaded by Egypt—wherein Israel would invade Egypt; France and Britain would then intervene, ostensibly as peacemakers, and take control of the canal.
The Israelis were then in a position to open sea communications through the Gulf of Aqaba. Though Egyptian forces had been defeated on all fronts, the Suez Crisisas it is sometimes known, was seen by Arabs as an Egyptian victory.
Egypt dropped the blockade of Elat. A UN buffer force was placed in the Sinai Peninsula.
In early Syria intensified its bombardment of Israeli villages from positions in the Golan Heights. In May Egypt signed a mutual defense pact with Jordan.
The Israeli victory on the ground was also overwhelming. Importantly, the Israelis were left in sole control of Jerusalem. The Arab armies showed greater aggressiveness and fighting ability than in the previous wars, and the Israeli forces suffered heavy casualties.
The Israeli army, however, reversed early losses and pushed its way into Syrian territory and encircled the Egyptian Third Army by crossing the Suez Canal and establishing forces on its west bank. Israel and Egypt signed a cease-fire agreement in November and peace agreements on January 18, The accords provided for Israeli withdrawal into the Sinai west of the Mitla and Gidi passes, while Egypt was to reduce the size of its forces on the east bank of the canal.
A UN peacekeeping force was established between the two armies. This agreement was supplemented by another, signed on September 4, On May 31,Israel and Syria signed a cease-fire agreement that also covered separation of their forces by a UN buffer zone and exchange of prisoners of war.
The two countries subsequently established normal diplomatic relations. The following day Israel invaded Lebanon, and by June 14 its land forces reached as far as the outskirts of Beirut, which was encircled, but the Israeli government agreed to halt its advance and begin negotiations with the PLO.
After much delay and massive Israeli shelling of west Beirut, the PLO evacuated the city under the supervision of a multinational force. Eventually, Israeli troops withdrew from west Beirut, and the Israeli army had withdrawn entirely from Lebanon by June Second Lebanon War In July Hezbollah launched an operation against Israel in an attempt to pressure the country into releasing Lebanese prisoners, killing a number of Israeli soldiers in the process and capturing two.
Israel launched an offensive into southern Lebanon to recover the captured soldiers.
The war lasted 34 days but left more than one thousand Lebanese dead and about one million others displaced.The conflict between Jewish Israelis and Islamic Palestinians begins around late 19th century with the rise Arab nationalism in response to British colonization of the Ottoman Empire.
At the start of conflict in the area resides the Balfour Declaration. The Arab-Israeli War of The Palestinian Arabs refused to recognize this arrangement, which they regarded as favorable to the Jews and unfair to the Arab population that would remain in Jewish territory under the partition.
The United Nations resolution sparked conflict between Jewish and Arab groups within Palestine. Fighting.
An Overview of Relations Between Israel and Palestine. As a part of the larger international conflict between Israelis and Arabs, the Palestinian situation has traditionally been a "fuse' that ignites regional conflict.
It has become especially contentious and violent in recent years. The conflict between Palestinian Arabs and Israelis is a modern phenomenon, which began around the turn of the 20th century. The views of the opposing. The Arab-Israeli conflict is a struggle between the Jewish state of Israel and the Arabs of the Middle East concerning the area known as Palestine.
The term Palestine has been associated variously and sometimes controversially with this small region. Apr 05, · BY AVI MELAMED - We must put aside the concept of an Israeli-Palestinian agreement in favor of an Israeli-Arab agreement as the only realistic means to end the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.