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Upon landing he found the above uncoded leaflet on the ground. Although the leaflet bore no code, we now know that it was leaflet It appears to be among the earliest of U. The leaflet shows the US seal on front and back, and the same message in English on one side and Korean on the other: Be steadfast, be calm, be courageous, resist firmly.
There really was no psywar readiness in the Far East Theatre before 25 June In the first seven months of the war the leaflet product was about , copies with different kinds of leaflets. Ninety percent of the leaflets were delivered by aircraft, ten percent by the artillery of the 1st Marine Division and the 7th Infantry Division.
Pettee recommends that the US should distribute at least 50 million leaflets a month. At least twenty different tactical leaflets should be prepared each month and loudspeakers should be used at a rate of at least missions per week.
Only two trailer-mounted loudspeakers and two air-borne loudspeakers were available, and they have been hampered by a lack of spare parts.
Printing presses should be provided to each Corps, and if possible, to each division. The provision of trained, experienced and competent psywar personnel from the United States has been far from adequate. The military should establish a roster of qualified psywar personnel.
Similar reports from the Vietnam War about 17 years later make the very same complaint about the lack of trained personnel]. The production of leaflets has been adequate for strategic purposes only. The production of tactical psywar materials in Korea has been very small, either for leaflet or for loudspeaker activities.
Strategic psychological operations advance broad or long-term objectives. Global in nature, they may be directed toward large audiences or at key communicators. Tactical psychological operations are more limited, used by commanders to secure immediate and near-term goals.
In this environment, these force-enhancing activities serve as a means to lower the morale and efficiency of enemy forces. The dissemination of leaflets has been largely by B bombers based at YokotaJapan. The aircraft and the leaflet bomb are not satisfactory, but they were all that was available.
The B can load 32 MA bombs, each containing about 22, leaflets. It held 45, four-by-five-inch leaflets or 22, five-by-eight-inch leaflets.
The bomb carried a time delay separation charge. After release at 15, to 25, feet, the bomb halves separated at 1, to 2, feet to concentrate the leaflets over a specific target area.
Pettee says that a more effective alternative should be studied and states that some leaflets have been dropped by the Air Force T-6 Texan, Marine F4U Corsair and C Skytrain loudspeaker aircraft.Page 1 UNITED STATES STRATEGIC BOMBING SURVEY SUMMARY REPORT.
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