Dating the Iroquois Confederacyby Bruce E. The Haudenosaunee Iroquois Confederacy, one of the world's oldest democracies, is at least three centuries older than most previous estimates, according to research by Barbara Mann and Jerry Fields of Toledo University, Ohio.
Dating the Iroquois Confederacyby Bruce E. The ratification council convened at a site that is now a football field in Victor, New York.
The site is called Gonandaga by the Seneca. I want to talk about our original treaties because we not only made treaties with the United States, but we also made treaties with other foreign countries, and perhaps the first one that we made was with the Dutch.
We used a wampum belt. That is, a two row wampum belt with two parallel lines on a field of white. We used wampum belts to help us commemorate our treaties. Wampum, as you may know, is made of shell, a combination of quahog and the periwinkle shell, cut and made into tubular beads and then strung into a belt.
The purpose of the belt, to use an anthropological term, is as a mnemonic device for remembering important ideas, so that when the reader of the belt holds it in his hands, the idea literally comes from the belt.
On the one hand, we are travelling in our canoe, down the river of life, and travelling in a parallel line in their boat are those Europeans or Telling america s story essay who are here on our land, Turtle Island. We are travelling along and we have an agreement with one another.
I am not going to get out of my canoe and get into your boat and try to steer it, and I am going to ask you not to get out of your boat and get into my canoe and try to steer it.
We are going to allow one another to exist. We are going to accept the notion, that we are sovereign, that we have our own form of government and that you have yours. We have our own way of life, and that you have yours, and that we are not trying to convince you to be us; we are trying to convince you that because of our long history here, we have a knowledge of this place where we live.
And so, we use this two row wampum belt even now, as the basis for all of the other treaties that we made after this time. Over the past 18 months, the Haudenosaunee Environmental Task Force has labored on a document which would begin the process of detailing the environmental impacts that the western society has had on our lands and territories.
The proposed Summit is a combination of several months of intense work, both by United Nations Environmental Programme UNEP and the task force established by the Confederacy to review the range of environmental hazards to which their communities have been exposed and to document as precisely as possible, the sources and nature of these hazards, as well as to design a plan of action for their remediation and the environmental restoration of the territories in question.
We, the Haudenosaunee, bring our case to the United Nations to draw international attention to the environmental issues affecting the indigenous communities in North America.
Having made a major contribution to the Rio Earth Summit in bringing about Chapter 26 of Agenda 21, we maintain that our traditional strategy for sustainable development practices and coexistence is a model for the future survival of humanity on earth.
We are committed to continuing our sustainable economic practices. Principles for Environmental Restoration p. Chapter 26 of Agenda 21 formulated at the Rio Earth Summit recognizes the right of the indigenous communities and their representatives to undertake reviews as well as develop environmental strategies with regard to land and water based pollution.
The restoration must not be confined just to removing the wastes and pollution, but must also be extended to the social and cultural dimensions of the communities, the nations and the Confederacy.
As sovereign governments, the Haudenosaunee have complete jurisdiction over native territories. The Haudenosaunee jurisdiction should extend cooperatively to the surrounding areas that impact the ecosystem of the native territories.
Haudenosaunee should be assured adequate international legal resources that must ensure that the U. On July 18 the Confederacy had official representatives from all six nations.
This document summarizes the current conditions on Iroquois lands and offers concrete solutions to return Mother Earth to her former state.
It proposes the creation of an indigenous environmental learning center to study problem areas and offer solutions. This center would also coordinate information, define economic development strategies and assist in the preservation of culture.
Among us, it is women who are responsible for fostering life.
In our traditions, it is women who carry the seeds, both of our own future generations and of the plant life. It is women who plant and tend the gardens, and women who bear and raise the children. It is my right and duty, as a woman and a mother and a grandmother, to speak to you about these things, to bring our minds together on them.
In making any law, our chiefs must always consider three things: We believe that all lawmakers should be required to think this way, that all constitutions should contain these rules. We are the carriers of knowledge and ideas that the world needs today. We know how to live with this land: Our families are beyond the small, isolated nuclear families that are so convenient to big industry and big government and so damaging to communities.
Many members of the European Parliament view all patenting of life forms as unethical and morally reprehensible. We are instructed to carry a love for one another and to show a great respect for all the beings of this earth.
We were shown that our life exists with the tree life, that our well-being depends on the well-being of the vegetable life, that we are close relations of the four-legged beings.Jul 14, · Former Naperville resident Brian Crooks pens a post about the experiences he's had in Naperville and elsewhere that were overtly or unintentionally racist in an attempt to show what life is really.
A biographical essay on Paul Bowles' life as a composer, writer, translator and traveler by Allen Hibbard. Paul Bowles left the United States in and lived 52 years as an expatriate in Tangier, Morocco, where Paul Bowles wrote novels, short stories and travel articles, in addition to doing translations of Moroccan writers and storytellers.
An insightful, informative, and entertaining volume with contributions by Pulitzer Prize winning authors. The Story of America presents the history of the United States not as a parade of facts and dates but as a story with twists and turns, heroes and villains, lovers, saints -- and even some comic relief.
Rep. Allen West, a Florida Republican, was recently captured on video asserting that there are “78 to 81” Democrats in Congress who are members of the Communist Party. Of course, it’s . Trump’s 19th Century Foreign Policy. His views aren’t as confused as they seem. In fact, they’re remarkably consistent—and they have a long history.
Nov 25, · It was a weeknight at Applebee’s in Huber Heights, a suburb of Dayton, a few weeks before the wedding. The couple, who live in nearby New Carlisle, were shoulder to .