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In this section we look at the envisaged publics of a public database. Reports suggest that "a properly designed country-by-country reporting regime would be a much needed weapon for tax authorities which at present suffer from information asymmetry in the tax avoidance battle with MNEs" Ting, But while the OECD proposals mainly focus on facilitating automatic information exchange between tax authorities, we are interested in who else could use and benefit from having access to a more comprehensive picture of the tax contributions and economic activities of multinational companies, beyond tax authorities, audit firms and the multinationals themselves.
A public database would represent a shift beyond a narrow conception of accounting for the activities of multinationals as a niche activity for professional specialists, and towards a vision which sees a broader range of actors involved in witnessing the tax arrangements of multinationals and engaging in a range of activities to hold them to account.
In order to better understand the prospective users and scenarios of use of a public database, we solicited for input in the form of "user stories" from a network of people and organisations associated with the Open Data for Tax Justice initiative.
User stories are widely used as a technique to gather user requirements for agile software development Cohn, An initial set of user stories were created by a group at a participatory design workshop in Oxford in Octoberand refined and developed with further input received online in response to a public call and outreach to prospective users.
These user stories, questions and analytical requirements are intended to serve as input to subsequent design and development activities, and to evaluate the opportunities and limitations of a database assembled through the repurposing of existing sources of public information.
We are reproducing them below in order to illustrate the range of envisaged publics and interests around a future database. List of potential questions and queries from citizens and civil society organisations: Who is in my country?
What do they do here? How many people do they employ? Do multinational companies make profits in my country? If so, do they pay tax?
How much has a multinational got invested in my country? Which companies are avoiding tax in my country? How is my country facilitating tax avoidance?
What are the addresses of subsidiaries of a given corporate group? Will I be able to compare different companies within a sector across all countries consistently? How much profit is declared by mining and petroleum companies in countries where resources are extracted? And so that I have a place to collect information on companies for which CBCR reports are not yet available.
List of potential questions and queries from journalists and media organisations: What companies does a corporate group own within a country? Who owns a given company? What does a group do in a country? What are the profits per employee in a given country?General Information If you wish to submit a Poultry Protein & Fat Council research proposal, please go here to access the correct format..
The U.S. Poultry & Egg Association is dedicated to the growth, progress, and welfare of the poultry industry and all of its individual and corporate interests.
The goal of a research proposal is to present and justify the need to study a research problem and to present the practical ways in which the proposed study should be conducted.
The design elements and procedures for conducting the research are governed by standards within the predominant discipline.
A Sample Research Proposal with Comments A research project or thesis will take at least two semesters to complete. Prior to starting a research, i.e. research in the fall semester, the deadline for the proposal submission (to your advisor) is July literatures and industry practices in relation to constraint analysis and.
That’s a lot to do. What should I do to get started on actually writing my research proposal? All researchers need to plan in advance of an investigation. Request for Proposal for Public Relations Agency.
Agencies are invited to submit a proposal to become the public relations agency of record for the law firm of. Much like other kinds of proposals, it is possible to find some tips to help you make the most of your own public relations proposals.
While templates like event proposal template samples are available, it is a given that you would have to modify the templates so that they can suit your needs better. In that case, it would be to your benefit to know about some of the available tips so that you.