And chances are they don't even know they have it. The reason for this is because the virus mutates to keep one step ahead of your immune system, also this disease goes inactive or remission for many years where it resurfaces with full force. AIDS ravages the immune system, undermining the body's ability to defend itself from infection and disease. In a recent study in the end ofan estimated 40 million people worldwide - 37 million adults and 2.
Moral Development and Human Nature Published: May 15, Hope May, Aristotle's Ethics: Moral Development and Human Nature, Continuum,pp. First, ethical virtue which includes both the virtues of thought and character is a developmental prerequisite for contemplative excellence and, hence, for eudaimonia.
Second, although we can no longer accept Aristotle's view that a life of contemplation is the only truly good life, his ethical outlook, including his views about human motivation and the role of virtues in enabling one to achieve a good life are still relevant and defensible.
His theory can easily be modernized and can contribute to our current ethical or psychological debates. The book divides into two parts: I will summarize May's argument in each part and then raise some objections.
I will conclude with some general critical remarks on her project. In chaptersMay develops her interpretation of some of the central issues of Aristotle's ethics, such as his views about eudaimonia and the role of virtues in a good life. In chapter 1, she introduces Aristotle's famous function argument EN 1.
She then outlines the main interpretative challenges posed by Aristotle's conflicting accounts of the human good in the function argument as well as his discussion of moral virtues in books of EN and in book 10 of the Nicomachean Ethics.
She argues that the debate between the view that eudaimonia is just contemplative activity intellectualism and the view that eudaimonia is "a complex, multidimensional end composed of several rational activities, namely, ethically virtuous and contemplative activities" 15 inclusivism can be resolved by what she calls developmentalism i.
She develops this view in chapters 2 and 3. In chapter 2, May argues for a developmentalist interpretation of the function argument.
Her aim is to make the argument sound. In particular, she wants to defend Aristotle's use of an analogy between bodily organs and human beings. Aristotle seems to infer that human beings have an ergon function from the fact that bodily organs have an ergon.
She draws attention to Aristotle's assertion that the ergon of a given organism is determined by the idion of a given kind of organism.
She then cites a passage from the Generation of Animals b in which Aristotle claims that in the process of the development of an animal of a given species "the end is developed last, and the idion is the end of each [species'] development. According to her, this inference makes perfect sense.
Aristotle believes that nature designs each organism to perform a specific function and this function is determined by the organism's idion. Aristotle's inference that man has an ergon from the premise that the eye, hand, and foot, each have an ergon … is an expression of Aristotle's belief that the parts of the body are there for the sake of nature's target -- the idion of the organism In chapter 3, May argues that ethical virtues are a necessary developmental prerequisite for contemplative excellence.
Her argument has two parts.
First, a virtuous person finds rational activities pleasant, so moral virtues guarantee that he will also find contemplation pleasant, and so he will engage in it for its own sake.
Second, practical wisdom phronesis enables the virtuous person to correctly determine when and where to contemplate, as well as, in cooperation with moral virtue, to protect the virtuous person from various 'mishaps' such as excessive passions that can distort one's judgments or perception.
May's interpretation of the function argument is problematic. Perhaps the most serious problem is that her interpretation does not seem to make sound Aristotle's alleged inference from the fact that human organs have a function to the conclusion that human beings have a function.
There are several claims she makes that should make this inference sound, but none of them seems to work.Human nature has not changed.
Modern groups are psychologically equivalent to the tribes of ancient history. As humans, this is our greatest, and worst, genetic inheritance.
Request Reprint or. The Dark Side of Human Nature The Importance of the Dark Side This essay concerns human nature, and, coincidentally, the peculiar aversion to discuss and take into account the uglier aspects of it (e.g., envy, greed, resentment, desire to dominate, etc.) by philosophers, anthropologists, sociologists, and most of all by legislators who are.
Essay on Human Nature at its Worst Words 11 Pages When Shirley Jackson’s “The Lottery” was first published in The New Yorker in , it struck a nerve with readers. In Aristotle's Ethics: Moral Development and Human Nature, Hope May defends two main theses.
First, ethical virtue (which includes both the virtues of thought and character) is a developmental prerequisite for contemplative excellence (and, hence, for eudaimonia).
Included: medical essay sociology essay content. Preview text: In a complex juxtaposition between the providers of care and intermediate support group on the one hand and the patient and the community on the other, it will not be unusual to expect conflicts between the two groups.
The nature of relationship b. In the book Lord of the Flies, William Golding tells a story about human nature at its worst. Open Document Click the button above to view the complete essay, speech, term paper, or research paper.