The Spanish "company" would be translated into Latin as societas like in socius, a partner or comrade. From this came "Society of Jesus" SJ by which they would be known more widely. Ignatius of Loyola and his followers appropriated the name of Jesus for their new order, provoking resentment by other religious who considered it presumptuous. Both on the Continent and in England, it was denounced as blasphemous; petitions were sent to kings and to civil and ecclesiastical tribunals to have it changed; and even Pope Sixtus V had signed a Brief to do away with it.
Firstly, Descartes rejected the mind-body dualism, arguing that matter the body and intelligence the mind are two independent substances metaphysical dualism and secondly, he rejected the final causal model of explaining natural phenomena and replaced it with science-based observation and experiment.
He spent a major part of his life in conflict with scholastic approach which still dominated the thought in the early 17th century and trying to convince the Churchly authorities that the new sciences are not challenging the traditional theological teachings.
His mother died when he was only one year old. His father remarried, while he and his older brother and sister were raised by his grandmother and a nurse. At the age of 10 years, he enrolled into the Jesuit college of La Fleche which was attended by children of nobility and which was according to Descartes one of the best schools in early 17th century Europe.
At the age of 18, he completed the Le Fleche college and spent the following years refining noble skills- fencing, dancing and horsemanship.
Inhe went to Poitiers and took a law degree two years later. He then spend more than one year in the Netherlands studying mathematics and military architecture. He was attached to various military units but appears to have taken little action.
Instead, he dedicated himself to mathematics.
Inhe invented analytic geometry but he also came to conclusion that mathematics-based deductive reasoning is applicable to other sciences. During this period, he is also said to be greatly influenced by three dreams which according to Descartes revealed him that all sciences are one.
He did not reject different objects of study but he claimed that a generalised method would allow one mind to know everything.
InDescartes moved to Holland where he spent the next 20 years of his life. He completely dedicated himself to studying and writing, living from his inheritance, his books and patrons who financially supported his work. He never married but he had a relationship with a servant who bore him a daughter, Francine who died at the age of 5 from Scarlet fever.
Inhe accepted the invitation of Queen Christina to come to Stockholm where he died only one year later. Major Works Rene Descartes left a large number of writings of major importance for both philosophy and mathematics.
In contrary to his earlier works which dealt with methodology, the Meditations show that it can be applied to the fundamental philosophical questions including scepticism, existence of soul, nature of God, truth, human knowledge of the external world and the relation between the body and mind.
The Meditations caused a lot of controversy and as a result, Descartes spent most of his remaining life defending his positions which were very dangerous at the time.
He was a devoted Catholic, however, we must not forget that he was a contemporary of Galileo Galilei who was tried by the Inquisition and forced to recant his heliocentric model.philosophy.
Curious about the major works and figures in the study of the nature of reality and existence? From Plato to Foucault, we break down the main ideas in philosophical thought. Descartes certainly knew of Francis Bacon (or Baron Verulam, as he was usually called).
This is not surprising, as Bacon was very well known in England and on the continent. The specific evidence is however not in Descartes published works, but in. How did Francis Bacon's ideas compare and contrast to those of Descartes'?
Update Cancel. Did Rene Descartes know Francis Bacon? How does the scientific method combine Francis Bacon's inductive reasoning with Rene Descartes . Video: Bacon, Descartes & the Scientific Method In this lesson, we will learn about the scientific method.
We will look at how men like Roger Bacon, Francis Bacon, and René Descartes helped. The Society of Jesus (S.J. – from Latin: Societas Iesu) is a scholarly religious congregation of the Catholic Church which originated in sixteenth-century Spain. The members are called Jesuits.
The society is engaged in evangelization and apostolic ministry in nations on six continents. Jesuits work in education (founding schools, colleges, universities, and seminaries), intellectual.
Rene Descartes. Rene Descartes () was not only one of the most prominent philosophers of the 17th century but in history of Western philosophy.