Pupils in Turkey, School girls, Spain, It is not difficult to trace the origins of the uniform as there is no comprehensive written history, but rather a variety of known influences. School uniforms are believed to be a practice which dates to the 16th century in the United Kingdom. It is believed that the Christ Hospital School in London in was the first school to use a school uniform. Universities, primary schools and secondary schools used uniforms as a marker of class and status.
College of Education researchers conduct study on impacts of school uniforms Student opinions, discipline referrals and school police data studied University of Nevada, Reno College of Education researcher Jafeth Sanchez pictured studied student opinions and effects of school uniforms in three Washoe County School District middle schools in northern Nevada with colleague Gus Hill.
Two researchers from the University of Nevada, Reno College of Education studied opinions of students in three middle schools in the Washoe County School District in northern Nevada during the first-year implementation of a uniform policy at the schools.
Although 90 percent of the students indicated they did not like wearing uniforms, various benefits to wearing uniforms were reported, including decreases in discipline, gang involvement and bullying; and increases in safety, ease of going to school, confidence and self-esteem.
They also examined data on discipline referrals and school police reports before and after the uniform policy was put in place at one of the schools.
Females perceived or experienced more benefits than males. Based on grade level, more seventh-graders than eighth-graders reported agreement with statements about the benefits of wearing school uniforms.
Results also revealed that Latino students perceived more benefits from uniforms than Caucasian students perceived. I still have my identity when I wear a uniform 54 percent ; My family likes that I wear a uniform to school 53 percent ; I think uniforms save money on clothes 50 percent ; I worry less about how others look 42 percent ; and, There is less gang activity at school 41 percent.
At Sparks Middle School, discipline and school police records were also studied. Compared to the year prior, discipline referrals were reduced by about 10 percent the first year the uniform policy was implemented. Additionally, school police data showed a 63 percent reduction in police log reports during the first year of implementation.
Other decreases were noted in reports of gang-related activities and student fights, along with graffiti, property damage, battery and administrative assists.
Since the uniform policy was implemented at Sparks Middle School inand at the other two schools inmany other Washoe County School District middle schools have implemented a uniform policy, and the district is looking at the possibility of a comprehensive school uniform policy that will establish guidelines for schools interested in school uniforms.
For more information about the school uniform study, contact Sanchez at or jesanchez unr. Below is a list of the most frequently asked questions Sanchez receives around the topic of school uniforms. People interested in accessing more data are also invited to review the complete study, " Uniforms in the Middle School: Uniform requirements often elicit strong reactions from parents, students, educators and scholars on both sides of the issue.
What do students think about school uniforms? If you ask students if they like to wear a uniform, 99 percent of them will say no. If you have them reflect on specific, possible benefits, their answers tend to change.
Are you for or against school uniforms? My personal opinion is that uniforms can be an effective tool for supporting a positive school climate and overall changes, but it will vary by school context.
If uniforms are implemented, they need to be evaluated to identify the effectiveness of the policy. Uniforms are not a "silver bullet" solution to school improvement efforts.
I believe it requires holistic change in many areas. Consequently, I am not for or against uniforms, but I am for assessing the policy implementation of uniforms.
What is the correlation with academic grades? My data did not include academic ties, and the state testing framework was changed at the end ofso the data cannot be linked. My data only collected student perceptions, so I can only address questions related to those findings.It is essential to note that the school uniform implementation at the school studied was a collaborative and informative effort among school staff, district administrators and parents.
The uniform initiative was not abruptly implemented. Research on the effects of school uniforms is still nascent. There is often a cost associated with mandatory school uniform policies. Lawsuits and community reactions can take up scarce.
Published: Mon, 5 Dec Donohue () states in response to growing levels of violence in schools, teachers, parents, and school officials have come to see school uniforms as one positive and creative way to reduce discipline problems and increase safety.
School districts have won almost all the cases, except one, where an appeals court found the uniform policy of a Nevada school unconstitutional. The school required students to wear shirts. THE EFFECTIVENESS OF SCHOOL UNIFORMS ON STUDENTS' ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT AND OVERALL CLASSROOM BEHAVIOR /07 Dr.
Roberta Dihoff Master of Arts in School Psychology The purpose of the study was to see what effect school . Dress Codes and Uniforms. National Association of Elementary School Principals, Deborah Elder evaluates the implementation and effects of a mandatory uniform policy at two middle schools in IIEvaluation of School Uniform Policy at John Adams and .