This can be especially true in rehabilitation settings, in which patients are transitioning out of being cared for by physicians and nurses and back home to exclusive self-care. In these cases, the Self-Care Deficit Nursing Theory can be applied to help patients be more independent and prepare to be released from the healthcare facility where they are being cared for.
Major Concepts Nursing Nursing is as art through which the practitioner of nursing gives specialized assistance to persons with disabilities which makes more than ordinary assistance necessary to meet needs for self-care.
The nurse also intelligently participates in the medical care the individual receives from the physician. Environment Environment has physical, chemical and biological features.
It includes the family, culture and community. Self-care Self-care is the performance or practice of activities that individuals initiate and perform on their own behalf to maintain life, health and well-being.
Basic Conditioning Factors Basic conditioning factors are age, gender, developmental state, health state, sociocultural orientation, health care system factors, family system factors, patterns of living, environmental factors, and resource adequacy and availability.
Nursing is required when an adult or in the case of a dependent, the parent or guardian is incapable of or limited in the provision of continuous effective self-care. Nursing Agency Nursing Agency is a complex property or attribute of people educated and trained as nurses that enables them to act, to know, and to help others meet their therapeutic self-care demands by exercising or developing their own self-care agency.
This book is an excellent review of Orem's Self Care Deficit Theory. I purchased this book for my MSN program's theory class and it provided detailed descriptions and background information on Orem's theories and theoretical model/5(5). The Self-Care Nursing Theory or the Orem Model of Nursing was developed by Dorothea Orem is considered a grand nursing theory, which means the theory covers a broad scope with general concepts that can be applied to all instances of nursing. The Self-Care Deficit Nursing Theory, also known as the Orem Model of Nursing, was developed by Dorothea Orem between and It is considered a grand nursing theory, which means the theory covers a broad scope with general concepts that can be applied to all instances of nursing.
Nursing System Nursing System is the product of a series of relations between the persons: Self-care Requisites Self-care Requisites or requirements can be defined as actions directed toward the provision of self-care. It is presented in three categories: Universal self-care requisites Universal self-care requisites are associated with life processes and the maintenance of the integrity of human structure and functioning.
The maintenance of a sufficient intake of air The maintenance of a sufficient intake of water The maintenance of a sufficient intake of food The provision of care associated with elimination process and excrements The maintenance of a balance between activity and rest The maintenance of a balance between solitude and social interaction The prevention of hazards to human life, human functioning, and human well-being The promotion of human functioning and development within social groups in accord with human potential, known human limitations, and the human desire to be normal Normalcy is used in the sense of that which is essentially human and that which is in accord with the genetic and constitutional characteristics and the talents of individuals.
Seeking and securing appropriate medical assistance Being aware of and attending to the effects and results of pathologic conditions and states Effectively carrying out medically prescribed diagnostic, therapeutic, and rehabilitative measures Being aware of and attending to or regulating the discomforting or deleterious effects of prescribed medical measures Modifying the self-concept and self-image in accepting oneself as being in a particular state of health and in need of specific forms of health care Learning to live with the effects of pathologic conditions and states and the effects of medical diagnostic and treatment measures in a lifestyle that promotes continued personal development Theory of Self-care Deficit This theory delineates when nursing is needed.
Orem identified 5 methods of helping: Nurse guides a mother how to breastfeed her baby, Counseling a psychiatric client on more adaptive coping strategies. Assessment Diagnosis and prescription; determine why nursing is needed.
Analyze and interpret by making judgement regarding care. Design of a nursing system and plan for delivery of care. Production and management of nursing systems.
The two actions are: Collecting evidence in evaluating results achieved against results specified in the nursing system design. Actions are directed by etiology component of nursing diagnosis. It has utility for professional nursing in the areas of nursing practice, nursing education and administration.
Her self-care approach is contemporary with the concepts of health promotion and health maintenance. Health is often viewed as dynamic and ever changing. It explains the terms self-care, nursing systems, and self-care deficit which are very essential to students who plan to start their career in nursing.
This theory is particularly used in rehabilitation and primary care or other settings in which patients are encouraged to be independent. Concepts of practice 4th ed. Self-care deficit theory of nursing. Meleis Ibrahim AfafTheoretical Nursing:Self care agency – is a human ability which is "the ability for engaging in self care" -conditioned by age developmental state, life experience sociocultural orientation health and available resources.
The goal of Dorothea Orem’s Self Care Deficit Nursing Theory is to help nurses understand their patients on a better level.
By teaching people and other nurses how self-care can be implemented, it becomes possible to treat illness or disease more effectively. Theory Based Nursing Practice (TBNP) A working document by Italicized words are those with a specific theoretical definition as defined by Dorothea Orem.
The practice of Nursing is complex requiring time and experience to have the knowledge Why Use Orem’s Self Care Deficit Theory of Nursing?
It provides a positive frame of reference. The Self-Care Deficit Theory developed as a result of Dorothea E. Orem working toward her goal of improving the quality of nursing in general hospitals in her state.
The model interrelates concepts in such a way as to create a different way of looking at a particular phenomenon.
Dorothea E. Orem Self-Care Deficit Theory of Nursing Name Course Name Instructor Name Orem developed her theory in the ’s when most nursing concepts drew from psychology, sociology, and medicine.
This theory is in three-fold comprising self-care, self-care deficit, and nursing systems.
In the theory of self-care, adults learn and act . Dorothea E. Orem. The Self-Care Deficit Nursing Theory. Orem developed the Self-Care Deficit Theory of Nursing, which is composed of three interrelated theories: (1) the theory of self-care, (2) the self-care deficit theory, and (3) the theory of nursing systems.