Thomas Jonathan Jackson Biography Lieutenant-General Thomas Jonathan Jackson was one of those rare historical characters who is claimed by all people--a man of his race, almost as much as of the Confederacy. No war has produced a military celebrity more remarkable, nor one whose fame will be more enduring. He was born January 21,in Clarksburg, Va.
Thomas Jonathan Jackson Biography Lieutenant-General Thomas Jonathan Jackson was one of those rare historical characters who is claimed by all people--a man of his race, almost as much as of the Confederacy. No war has produced a military celebrity more remarkable, nor one whose fame will be more enduring.
He was born January 21,in Clarksburg, Va. By this country training he became a bold and expert rider and cultivated that spirit of daring which being held sometimes in abeyance displayed itself in his Mexican service, and then suddenly again in the Confederate war. In June,at the age of eighteen, he was appointed to a cadetship in the military academy at West Point, where, General Stonewall Jackson commencing with the disadvantages of inadequate preparation, he overcame obstacles by such determination as to rise from year to year in the estimation of the faculty.
He graduated June 30,at the age of twenty-two years, receiving brevet rank as second-lieutenant at the beginning of the Mexican warand was ordered to report for duty with the First Regular artillery, with which he shared in the many brilliant battles which General Scott fought from Vera Cruz to the City of Mexico.
He was often commended for his soldierly conduct and soon received successive promotions for gallantry at Contreras and Churubusco. Captain Magruder, afterwards a Confederate general, thus mentioned him in orders: His religious character, which history has and will i nseparably connect with his military life, appears to have begun forming in the City of Mexicowhere his attention was directed to the subject of the variety of beliefs on religious questions.
His amiable and affectionate biographer Mrs. Jackson mentions that Colonel Francis Taylor, the commander of the First artillery, under whom Jackson was serving, was the first man to speak to him on the subject of personal religion.
Jackson had not at any time of his life yielded to the vices, and was in all habits strictly moral, but had given no particular attention to the duties enjoined by the church. Convinced now that this neglect was wrong, he began to study the Bible and pursued his inquiries until he finally united with the Presbyterian church.
His remarkable devoutness of habit and unwavering confidence in the truth of his faith contributed, it is conceded, very greatly to the full development of his singular character, as well as to his marvelous success.
In Jackson's command was stationed at Fort Hamilton for two years, then at Fort Meade, in Floridaand from that station he was elected to a chair in the Virginia military institute at Lexington inwhich he accepted, and resigning his commission, made Lexington his home ten years, and until he began his remarkable' career in the Confederate war.
Two years later,he married Miss Eleanor, daughter of Rev. Junkin, president of Washington college, but she lived scarcely more than a year.
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Three years after, July 16,his second marriage occurred, with Miss Mary Anna, daughter of Rev. R- Morrison, of North Carolina, a distinguished educator, whose other daughters married men who attained eminence in civil and military life, among them being General D.
The only special incident occurring amidst the educational and domestic life of Major Jackson, which flowed on serenely from this hour, was the summons of the cadets of the Institute by Governor Letcher, to proceed to Harper's Ferry on the occasion of the raid of John Brown in During the presidential campaign of Major Jackson visited New England and there heard enough to arouse his fears for the safety of the Union.
At the election of that year he cast his vote for Breckinridge on the principle that he was a State rights man, and after Lincoln's election he favored the policy of contending in the Union rather than out of it, for the recovery of the ground that had thus been lost.
The course of coercion, however, alarmed him, and the failure of the Peace congress persuaded him that if the United States persisted in their course war would certainly result.
His State saw as he did, and on the passage of its ordinance of secession, the military cadets under the command of Major Jackson were ordered to the field by the governor of Virginia.
The order was promptly obeyed April 21,from which date his Confederate military life began. Jackson's valuable service was given to Virginia in the occupation of Harper's Ferry and several subsequent small affairs, but his fame became general from the battle of First Manassas. It was at one of the crises of that first trial battle between the Federal and Confederate troops that he was given the war name of "Stonewall," by which he will be always designated.
The true story will be often repeated that on being notified of the Federal advance to break the Confederate line he called out, "We will give them the bayonet," and a few minutes later the steadiness with which the brigade received the shock of battle caused the Confederate General Bee to exclaim: With a small force he began even in winter a series of bold operations in the great Virginia valley, and opened the spring campaign ofon plans concerted between General Joseph E.I remember reading somewhere in Dawson/Summerfield's and George Nafziger's books, that the Polish artillery was pretty good in terms of training, quality etc.
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The Top Ten Battles of All Time. By Michael Lee Lanning Lt. Col. (Ret.) U.S. Army. Battles win wars, topple thrones, and redraw borders.