Overview[ edit ] Jacques Derrida's book Of Grammatology introduced the majority of ideas influential within deconstruction.
The concept was first outlined by Derrida in Of Grammatology where he explored the interplay between language and the construction of meaning. From this early work, and later works in which he has attempted to explain deconstruction to others, most notably the Letter to a Japanese Friend, it is possible to provide a basic explanation of what deconstruction Deconstruction thesis commonly understood to mean.
These three features found the possibility of deconstruction as an on-going process of questioning the accepted basis of meaning. While the concept initially arose Deconstruction thesis the context of language, it is equally applicable to the study of law.
Derrida takes as his starting point the assertion that modern Western philosophy is characterized by and constructed around an inherent desire to place meaning at the centre of presence. Put simply, what this means is that philosophy is driven by a desire for the certainty associated with the existence of an absolute truth, or an objective meaning that makes sense of our place in the world.
Its effect is the placing of one particular term or concept, such as justice, at the centre of all efforts at theorizing or interrogating meaning. The term becomes the core around which meaning is constructed, the reference point that determines all subsequent knowledge.
Derrida highlights how logocentrism assumes the existence of set and stable meanings that exist to be discovered.
The way in which this term—the logos—is made known is language, the translation into words of a concept or a way of thinking. For Derrida, it is this logocentrism, and the idea of the exteriority of meaning, that opens up the possibility of deconstruction.
Rather than nature justice and institution law existing independently of each other, Derrida suggests that nature itself is constructed only with reference to the institution.
So rather than law being a direct embodiment of justice, how we understand both justice and law is determined by the interplay between the two. This is a rejection of the rigid separation that makes the quest for certainty possible — of the very idea that justice exists as a prior objective standard to be discovered.
By reading law as reflecting or embodying the natural origin of justice, what is ignored or concealed are all the other possible interpretations of justice that are not embodied or encapsulated in the law.
In this way writing defines nature, as well as reflecting it. The idea of deconstruction is therefore concerned with countering the idea of a transcendental origin or natural referent. It refutes the notion that it is possible to transgress the institution in order to discover something beyond — the existence of an independent origin.
It arises from the constant process of negotiation between competing concepts. Rather than pursuing the truth of a natural origin, what deconstruction requires is the interrogation of these competing interpretations that combine to produce meaning.
The act of institution—or writing —itself captures this constant competition between the differing possible interpretations of meaning within the institution. It simultaneously embodies the desired meaning as intended by the author, and the constraints placed on that meaning through the act of interpretation of the text.
In this regard, meaning is defined equally by what is included in the institution and what is not. At any one time, one concept will be dominant over the other, thus excluding the other.1! Sample Student April 22, Greg Christensen Essay #4 “Solitude” and Deconstruction Solitude, alone in one’s own thought lacking any interaction, compassion, or love – most.
Deconstruction, form of philosophical and literary analysis, derived mainly from work begun in the s by the French philosopher Jacques Derrida, that questions the fundamental conceptual distinctions, or “oppositions,” in Western philosophy through a close examination of the language and logic of philosophical and literary texts.
Deconstruction thesis Lucy points to the impossibility of defining the term at all, stating:"while in a sense it is impossibly difficult to define, the impossibility has less to do with the adoption of a position or the assertion of a choice on deconstruction's part than with the impossibility of every 'is' as such.
For this reason, Derrida explains, deconstruction is not a ‘method’, and it cannot be transformed into one. 10 One cannot ‘apply’ deconstruction to test a hypothesis or to support an argument. Rather it is an ongoing process of interrogation concerned with the structure of meaning itself.
The Ethics of Deconstruction. Simon Critchley, an English philosopher, argues, in his book The Ethics of Deconstruction, that Derrida's deconstruction is . Prompt Deconstruction &Thesis Statement Writing. Expository Essays. Thesis Statements and You. Our mantra: Opinion plus plan. Opinion + plan.
Opinion + plan. Thesis is the brain of the essay. Answer the prompt with your. Opinion. Tell your. Plan of how you will support that opinion.