Develop and organize arguments 5. Write the introduction 6. Write the body paragraphs 7. Write the conclusion 1.
Etymology[ edit ] When read left to right, up to down, the first topic A is reiterated as the last, and the middle concept B appears twice in succession. Also, the middle concept could appear just once. The term chiastic derives from the midth century term chiasmuswhich refers to a crosswise arrangement of concepts or words that are Beowulf literary analysis in reverse order.
Chiasmus derives from the Greek word khiasmos, a word that is khiazein, marked with the letter khi. From khi comes chi. The line that starts leftmost on top, comes down, and is rightmost on the bottom, and vice versa.
If one thinks of the lines as concepts, one sees that concept A, which comes first, is also last, and concept B, which comes after A, comes before A. If one adds in more lines representing other concepts, one gets a chiastic structure with more concepts.
In his study of the Iliad and the OdysseyCedric Whitman, for instance, finds a chiastic structure "of the most amazing virtuosity" that simultaneously performed both aesthetic and mnemonic functions, permitting the oral poet to easily recall the basic formulae of the composition during performances.
Shea proposed that the Book of Daniel is composed of a double-chiasm.
He argued that the chiastic structure is emphasized by the two languages that the book is written in: The first chiasm is written in Aramaic from chapters following an ABC The second chiasm is in Hebrew from chaptersalso using the ABC However, Shea represents Daniel 9: Andersen,  Wenham illustrated a chiastic structure as displayed in the following two tables.
Chiastic structure of the Genesis Flood Narrative A: Noah and his sons Gen 6: All life on earth 6: Curse on earth 6: All living creatures 6: Entering the Ark 7: God remembers Noah 8: Exiting the Ark 8: All living creatures 9: No flood in future 9: Blessing on earth 9: All life on earth 9: Noah and his sons 9: Seven days waiting to enter Ark 7: Second mention of seven days waiting 7: Seven days waiting for dove 8: Second seven days waiting for dove 8: All this is consistent with the date in 8: There was no compelling reason to repeat the first 7-day figure of waiting to enter the Ark except for the corresponding two 7-day figures for the dove.
The second mention of the days was also because of the chiasmus.
If you print or download from this site, please consider making at least a $ donation through PayPal. Sandra Effinger [email protected] DropBox Access -- Binder from summer workshops ( pages), various lists and handouts housed on my r etired AP English page have been migrated. An invitation will be issued to $ donors. From a general summary to chapter summaries to explanations of famous quotes, the SparkNotes Beowulf Study Guide has everything you need to ace quizzes, tests, and essays. These papers were written primarily by students and provide critical analysis of Beowulf. Beowulf essays are academic essays for citation. These papers were written primarily by students and provide critical analysis of Beowulf. Faith and Literary Tradition in Beowulf Audrey Fisher Beowulf.
The chiastic structure explains the repetition of these figures. Before these ancient literary conventions were recognized, followers of the Documentary Hypothesis explained the repetition by hypothesizing two different authors or redactors J or Jahwist and P or Priestly sources.
The repetition may also show the literary artistry of a single author or editor, either working from one tradition or weaving together the J and P sources in chiastic fashion.Find helpful customer reviews and review ratings for Beowulf: A Translation and Commentary at urbanagricultureinitiative.com Read honest and unbiased product reviews from our users.
The anonymous author of the poem convinces us through the masterful use of various literary elements that emphasize its meaning and message. We will write a .
Introduction. Beowulf is an epic poem of more than 3, lines originally written in Old English (also called Anglo-Saxon) about a Scandinavian prince of the same name.
It was composed and. Chiastic structure, or chiastic pattern, is a literary technique in narrative motifs and other textual passages. An example of chiastic structure would be two ideas, A and B, together with variants A' and B', being presented as A,B,B',A'. Unferth. Unferth’s challenge to Beowulf’s honor differentiates him from Beowulf and helps to reveal some of the subtleties of the heroic code that the warriors must follow.
Literary analysis involves examining all the parts of a novel, play, short story, or poem—elements such as character, setting, tone, and imagery—and thinking about .