An introduction to the importance of kidneys in the human body

Contents Introduction The Urinary System is a group of organs in the body concerned with filtering out excess fluid and other substances from the bloodstream. The substances are filtered out from the body in the form of urine. Urine is a liquid produced by the kidneys, collected in the bladder and excreted through the urethra. Urine is used to extract excess minerals or vitamins as well as blood corpuscles from the body.

An introduction to the importance of kidneys in the human body

Benign and malignant Obstructive: Due to obstruction of the flow of urine. Scarring of the kidney due to backflow of the urine Kidney stones Systemic diseases: Discomfort or pain while passing urine. Blood in the urine which may be visible or nonvisible.

Swelling or puffiness of the face particularly around eyes.

An introduction to acid-base balance in health and disease

Swelling around ankles due to fluid retention. Loin pain back pain. Feeling tired, unwell with loss of appetite. Testing for Kidney Disease There are several tests that can be performed to test for kidney disease.

Taking a small blood sample to check the levels of creatinineurea and electrolytes. This allows the doctor to examine the general state of kidneys. A urine examination can also be performed to test the colour of urine and its contents, such as sugar, protein, red blood cells, white blood cells and bacteria.

This involves a taking series of pictures of the kidneys, ureters, and bladder to find out if cancer is present in these organs. A contrast dye is injected into a vein and as the dye moves through the kidneys, ureters, and bladder, the radiology doctor can carefully examine these organs for any abnormality.

An introduction to the importance of kidneys in the human body

MRI scans can also be used to take to detailed pictures of areas inside the body for examination. Biopsies are also used to test for Kidney disease. The removal of cells or tissues that can be viewed under a microscope by a pathologist to check for signs of kidney cancer.

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However, in most cases, a biopsy is not necessary as the images in CT or MRI scan are sufficient to make a diagnosis of testing kidney cancer. Kidney disease prevention Common risk factors for kidney disease are diabetes, high blood pressure, family history of kidney problems.

As well as obesity and smoking. To keep kidneys healthy, it is important to drink plenty of water, exercise and eat a healthy diet. If you suffer from diabetes or hypertension, you should get appropriate advice and regular check ups from your GP, to make sure that your kidneys are working well.Essay # 1.

Acid-Base Balance • Functions of Cells and Human Body

Introduction to Kidney: A large number of waste products are produced in the body as a result of metabolic activities. The main waste products are carbon dioxide, water, and nitrogenous compounds.

THE HUMAN BODY SYSTEMS System Function Diagram Major Organs Interactions- Working with Other smaller molecules and absorb nutrients 3. remove undigestable food from body (feces) Mouth, esophagus, stomach, Sm. Intestine, Lg.

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intestine, rectum, anus Salivary glands, kidneys filter cellular waste out of blood for removal 4. w/lymphatic. Introduction to the Human Body.

Human beings are arguably the most complex organisms on this planet. Imagine billions of microscopic parts, each with its own identity, working together in an organized manner for the benefit of the total being. Urinary System The urinary system has many different organs in order for it to work as a whole.

Each organ does different functions. The urinary system consists of the two kidneys, the two ureters, the bladder, the two sphincter muscles, the nerves in the bladder, and the urethra. Get clear descriptions of human anatomy and physiology - aimed at the level of the interested layperson.

Explore the anatomy of organs and organ systems, then examine the physiology of systems when they function normally. Kidney – Introduction The kidneys are one of the more important tissues examined. Because of its role in the filtration, metabolism, and excretion of compounds, it is often the site of test-article-induced lesions.

Essay on Kidneys: Functions, Urine Formation and Hormones